Educators like to emphasize the cognitive values of chess. It is taken for granted that chess
somehow makes kids smarter.

Indeed, children who play the game reportedly improve their grades, test scores, attendance and
deportment. Chess often is a schoolteacher’s dream.

For most of the children involved – at least in the beginning – the game is primarily a form of
combat. They like to announce “check,” capture pieces and – above all – win.

Their enthusiasm for battle on the chessboard was shared by an impressive group of military
leaders, including Napoleon, King Charles XII of Sweden, Peter the Great and Robert E. Lee, all of
whom included chess sets in their personal effects during military campaigns.

Chess is undeniably a war game, and all of us – if not eager or reluctant predators – are at
least keen on not being someone else’s prey. Chess is a superb instrument for teaching defense as
well as attack. Both depend on well-conceived aggressiveness.

In 1929, Alexander Ilyin-Zhenevsky, a top Russian chess player and dedicated revolutionary,
offered a classic observation about the game:

“After all,” he declared, “chess develops in a man boldness, presence of mind, composure, a
strong will and a sense of strategy.”

Shelby Lyman is a Basic Chess Features columnist.


Beginner’s corner

Hint explanation:

The theme is domination.

Solution to Beginner’s corner:

1. Be3! (paralyzes the knight). White is, in effect, a rook ahead.


How the masters play

Below is a win by Pavel Eljanov against Dmitry Andreikin from the World Blitz Championship in



Black resigns